January 07, 2022
The architecture of Southeast Asia and Thailand has united in 700 years under Indian, Chinese, Portuguese and Ceylon influences to its own distinctive style. To this day, a multitude of Buddhist monasteries bear witness to this historic era of art. Even today, with many challenges in times of a pandemic, the architecture and its layout are also changing. People want more space, and elevators need new filter systems. So a top architect if you are building a new house is a good idea and it will earn you a unique, exclusive, timeless and extraordinary new villa if you want it. The creativity of Thai master craftsmen is expressed in the traditional dwelling house. Even if the construction seems very simple in places, the elegance of the lines is undeniable. Slightly sloping walls, sloping roofs and curved ridges bear witness to this unique architecture.
Glass palaces adorn the cityscape
A look at the downtown areas of Southeast Asian cities is characterized by magnificent glass towers. As a rule, banks, internationally active companies and hotel chains reside in these magnificent towers. In the best locations of cities such as Manila, Kuala Lumpur or Jakarta, extremely high standards of building culture prevail. As a result, these cities can easily be compared to the metropolises of New York, Tokyo or London.
Nevertheless, there are considerable differences in terms of architecture, which are common in our latitudes. Unlike what is common in Europe, you won’t find any building in Southeast Asia that faces southwest like here. In Phuket, Thailand, there are many high end luxury villas built in a sustainable manner and with unique architecture in South East Asia. If you are looking to buy a beachfront land or a luxury villa in Phuket, we recommend that you contact a real estate agent in Phuket, Thailand. There are also very logical reasons for this. As we try to take full advantage of every ray of the sunshine, in Southeast Asia we are trying to do the exact opposite.
However, temperatures of up to 40 degrees in the shade prevail here, quite differently from here. Another difference from the climatic conditions here is the much higher humidity. Of course, the architecture also corresponds to these conditions. Due to the completely different climate, architects in Southeast Asia tend to reduce windows as much as possible, and great importance is also given to small house facades. Shade is exploited there in the same way the southwest exposure is exploited here, but for exactly opposite reasons. This means that the architecture merges with the prevailing climatic conditions.
Traditions play an important role in architecture
Not only climatic reasons play a decisive role for this different architecture, but often even the experiences of ancestors are oriented here. As a result, large stones are found in the central areas of traditional buildings. These are always arranged in a position protected from the sun. Here we use the natural physical dynamics of stones. Because they are protected from the sun, they give off a pleasant freshness during the day. In turn, they release the stored heat of the day into the environment at night. This creates a completely natural and very healthy indoor climate.
However, in modern rooms, of course, you are not greeted by large stones. Here, the prescribed task of stones is carried out by solid and sheathed concrete floor slabs. Here, the coolness that is in the earth under the concrete slabs is absorbed.
It is no wonder that there are other models in South East Asia which are translated by architects into smart building methods. One of these models, which now finds its use in architecture, is based on the clothing of ordinary people. They usually wear their clothes in several layers. This approach has long proven to be excellent. In this country, and especially with the temperatures that reign there, clothes are becoming more and more airy, thinner and shorter. There, however, people protect themselves with every conceivable measure.
While the outer layer of the garment warms up, the lower layers stay cool. It is a simple physical effect created by the circulation of air between the different layers. This effect has been exploited in architecture. In Southeast Asia, double-shell masonry is used precisely because of this physical effect. This concept is also found in the construction of roofs. Here, the exterior gable roof serves exclusively as a sun shade and projects well beyond the exterior walls. Another roof, in this case the roof itself, is located at a distance of 10 to 15 centimeters below, and only this roof encloses the living space. As with the coating, the air is in thermal movement. This means that the fresh air moves from the bottom to the top and then comes out through the ridge.
Architecture in Asia is favorable
In addition to the ultra-modern building culture in Southeast Asia, there is also a much simpler, almost rudimentary architecture that is on the one hand very affordable and on the other hand still very well thought out. The so-called skeleton construction method is very often used here and may seem new to Europeans. In order to implement this construction method, holes must be dug in a first step, in which the structural steel for the support columns is then concreted. Between the columns remains a distance of several meters.
To support the roof, cross beams are attached between these columns. The spaces between them are then filled with masonry. The pillars are often covered with cement slab wall facings. Inside, the foundation is filled with sand at the level of the lower cross beams. The concrete is then filled here. This is a typical approach in South East Asia. For all those who find this method of construction too traditional, it is advisable to entrust their construction project to a large construction company or active internationally.
Although this construction method seems very foreign and unusual, the fact remains that both builders and construction workers in Southeast Asia understand it and implement it wonderfully. Proof of this are the many buildings which were constructed in exactly this way and which have already withstood earthquakes, floods and monsoon rains ideally.
Real Estate & Property in Thailand, Phuket
Foreigners are not allowed to buy land or buildings as a whole in Thailand, especially if the land is also part of it. Indeed, Thai law states that foreigners are not allowed to own land on principle. What is allowed in Thailand, however, is the purchase of a so-called condominium for anyone. If you are planning to invest in Thailand, you must either be married to a Thai citizen or invest in a company with stocks.
Outsiders in Southeast Asia
Also and especially in the design of outdoor facilities in the Southeast Asian region, there is a lot to consider. Here, too, we have to face completely different external circumstances from what is the case in this country. In South-East Asia, the animal world still plays an important and primordial role in the design of outdoor facilities. Since termites, for example, are a huge problem in Southeast Asia, wood is hardly ever used as a building material here. The termite infestation can only be contained by using a lot of poison.
However, there are other animal hazards in Southeast Asia, especially poisonous snakes, whose favorite haunts are in the undergrowth or in the spaces between buildings. From there it is only a very short distance to the interior of a building. Reason enough to do without such interstices in Southeast Asia and to design outdoor arrangements so that weeds do not have a place there, nor a long lawn. There people rely on the tall trees and shrubs, which of course also provide shade.
The importance of a landscape architect in Thailand
A landscape architect should definitely be consulted in Thailand if you are planning to expand and beautify your own garden. Because in Thailand, gardens are an extremely important figurehead and right now, in many places, we are trying to make the exposed surfaces as green as possible so that a balance emerges from the city centers with their numerous concretes which are mainly used for parking lots.