TEHRAN — A tourism official said Niasar’s Chahar-Taq, which is an ancient square-shaped brick hall topped with a domed roof, is an example of fine architecture during the Sasanian era.
“The Chahar-Taq (Chahartaq) of Niasar is a clear example of architectural knowledge and building technology in the Sasanian era, and people feel responsible for this magnificent work as national and transnational cultural heritage”, ISNA said, citing Kashan tourism chief Ahmad Danaeinia. Tuesday.
Danaeinia made the remarks after an unauthorized attempt to widen a nearby reading posed a potential threat to the ancient monument, according to the report.
“Yesterday, people, without coordination, tried to widen a road which crosses near the monument. However, the operation was stopped with the timely presence of the cultural heritage protection unit and by order of the Kashan prosecutor,” the official said.
“We are doing our best to remove the obstacles, but, based on our mission and duty, we are obliged to safeguard the cultural heritage of our country, which is the pride of every Iranian…. and we will not give up any effort in this regard,” the official said.
Experts say this architectural form became the most typical form of Sasanian religious architecture, closely linked to the expansion and stabilization of Zoroastrianism under Sasanian rule and continuing into the Islamic era through its use in religious and holy buildings such as mosques and tombs.
Arts and architecture in the time of the Sassanids
The Sasanian era (224 CE–651) is of great importance in the history of Iran. Under the Sassanids, Persian art and architecture experienced a general renaissance. The architecture has often taken on grand proportions, such as the palaces of Ctesiphon, Firuzabad and Sarvestan, which are among the highlights of the ensemble.
Crafts such as metalworking and gemstone engraving became very sophisticated, but the state encouraged scholarship. During these years, works from East and West were translated into Pahlavi, the language of the Sassanids.
The rock-carved sculptures and bas-reliefs on the steep limestone cliffs are widely regarded as striking features and relics of Sasanian art, the best examples of which can be found at Bishapur, Naqsh-e Rostam and Naqsh-e Rajab in southern Iran.
In 2018, UNESCO added a collection of historic Sassanid towns in southern Iran – titled “Sasanian Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region” – to its World Heritage List. The ensemble comprises eight archaeological sites located in three geographical parts of Firuzabad, Bishapur and Sarvestan. It reflects the optimized use of natural topography and bears witness to the influence of Achaemenid and Parthian cultural traditions and Roman art, which later had a significant impact on the architecture and artistic styles of the Islamic era.
Efforts by the Sassanids also resulted in a revival of Iranian nationalism, for example, Zoroastrianism was declared the state religion. The dynasty evolved by Ardashir I and was destroyed by the Arabs during the period from 637 to 651. The dynasty was named after Sasan, an ancestor of Ardashir I.
Under his leadership, who reigned from 224 to 241, the Sassanids overthrew the Parthians and created an empire that constantly changed in size in reaction to Rome and Byzantium in the west and the Kushans and Hephthalites in the east, according to Encyclopedia Britannica. .
By the time of Shapur I (reigned 241 CE–272), the empire stretched from Sogdiana and Iberia (Georgia) in the north to the Mazun region of Arabia in the south; in the east it extended to the Indus River and in the west to the upper Tigris and Euphrates valleys.
According to UNESCO, the ancient cities of Ardashir Khurreh and Bishapur comprise the most significant surviving testimonies of the early times of the Sassanid Empire, the beginning under Ardashir I and the establishment of power under Ardashir I and his successor Shapur I.
“The architecture of the Sasanian monuments of the property further illustrates the first examples of the construction of domes with squinches over square spaces, as in the buildings of Chahar-Taq, where the four sides of the square hall present arched openings: this architectural form developed into the most typical form of Sasanian religious architecture, closely linked to the expansion and stabilization of Zoroastrianism under Sasanian rule and continuing into the Islamic era through its use in edifices religious and sacred places such as mosques and tombs,” the UN cultural body said on its website.
The Sasanian archaeological landscape also represents a very effective system of land use and strategic use of natural topography in the creation of the first cultural centers of the Sasanian civilization.